Three major causes of Chinese-style extramarital affairs

Three major causes of Chinese-style extramarital affairs

Extramarital sex is usually accompanied by extramarital affairs.

Extramarital sex has always been considered to be a serious offense, and the ancient Chinese dynasties have very different views on extramarital sex. For example, in the Tang Dynasty, extramarital sex was not considered a transgression. On the contrary, more people used extramarital sexFashion.
Since Song Ming, extramarital sex has been treated as heresy and prevented.

Extramarital sex has begun to be referred to as “adultery” and severe penalties have been imposed on such “criminal” men and women.

However, in the past 20 years, “extramarital sex” has become a phrase that touches the sensitive nerves of Chinese people, and has been labeled by some people with beautiful labels such as “humanity”, “freedom” and “right”.

  Regarding the causes of extramarital affairs or extramarital sex, various scholars have different opinions. The author believes that extramarital sex is the result of the following factors.

  Lack of guilt in Chinese The American scholar Marcuse believes that the progress of civilization is related to the enhancement of guilt. He proposed that “the price paid for the progress of civilization is the loss of happiness caused by the increase in guilt.”

However, this theory does not seem to hold up in China, and many Chinese people will not feel guilty about their actions.

This is because of an important difference between Chinese and Western cultures: religious beliefs.

In the eyes of Westerners, God gives the world light and supervises everything in the world. All beings live under God’s eyes.

But many people who do not have a religious belief also live together in a well-organized manner, and do not do what they want. What does it depend on?

Relying on a purely mundane, unwritten social code of conduct that has formed in long-term common lives.

Some of these social norms have evolved into laws and some have not, but these norms are obeyed by people from the heart.

China is basically a nation without religious beliefs. For a long time, Confucianism has dominated the country, and “rule by courtesy” is the main norm of Chinese words and deeds.

  This shows that Westerners are aware of internal constraints, while Chinese transcend external constraints.

In the behavior of Westerners, which is restricted by religious belief and guilt, China is more restricted by the rules of social interaction.

Therefore, the pressure felt by the Chinese in extramarital affairs is more from the outside-the pressure of family relationships, the pressure of public opinion, the pressure of administrative sanctions, and so on.

Of course, this does not mean that Westerners will have fewer extramarital affairs, and although Chinese sometimes suffer internal torture, they are prevented from pressure by social behavior norms and dare not act lightly. For Chinese, social punishment is their extramarital sex.Key factors of behavior.

  The weakening of social norms in the period of Chinese social transformation. Sociologists believe that historically, non-moralism often appears in times of great social turbulence.

China is in a period of social transformation, and the market economy has not completely re-established its own form.

The unification of the unified value model, the social structure is in a highly differentiated and integrated process, and the lack of strong support of traditional subject cultural values in the social structure will inevitably lead to disorderly behavior and moral decline.

The rupture of traditional interpersonal relationships will inevitably bring about the “fragility” of social structure and “weakness” of social norms.

  The traditional Chinese society is a closed, poorly mobile, small-scale peasant society. Once a person becomes a transgression of extramarital sex, everyone in the village or community in which he lives will know that he will usually sufferOr village regulations.

Even if he can escape punishment, it will inevitably lead to a decline in his social level, and he will lose many opportunities for development.

During the transition period, the mobility of the population increased, and many people settled away from their hometowns where they lived for generations. In this way, their social norms, such as ethnic and village regulations, could not function, and transgressions were inevitableWill increase.

After entering the market economy society, “the relationship between individuals and units has changed from a personal relationship to a labor contract relationship.” The personnel file system that used to determine a person’s destiny is gradually losing its strong social control role.Greatly reduced.

  Some scholars have found that community size has a profound positive correlation with extramarital sex.

In small communities, people do n’t even have a close relationship with each other, and they are more familiar. One’s words and deeds can be understood by others.

If a person has transgressive behaviors such as extramarital sex, even if he is not punished by social norms, he will be under pressure from community opinion.

With the acceleration of the urbanization process, the scale of the community is much larger than before.

In the old neighborhoods, old neighbours have already gone their separate ways, especially in cities like Beijing, where neighbors do n’t even know their names, let alone know about their marriage.

People in commercial housing communities have a much lower sense of belonging to the community than before, so the community ‘s ability to control people ‘s behavior is also greatly weakened.

  Many people regard extramarital sex as a way to show the social level of individuals. “Conspicuous consumption” was originally proposed by Veblen in The Theory of Leisure Class. He believes that in conspicuous consumption systems, goods have useValue and exchange value, and has symbolic value.

Its symbolic value is mainly reflected in the social symbolism of the commodity itself. This inevitably the commodity becomes a symbol of some social status, lifestyle, living taste and social identity.

In fact, the social symbolism of a commodity is that the socialized person acquires the specific social significance of the commodity, so that consumers who purchase and own the commodity can display certain social characteristics of themselves, such as status, status, wealth, dignity, etc.Get psychological satisfaction.

  Here, we analyze the extramarital sex as a consumption behavior.

As China moved from a planned economy to a market economy, a considerable number of high-income earners were generated in the process.

Judging from the current situation, in some areas, especially in the south, the fact that “the second wife” is not appointed at all is a violation of social norms, but being replaced by many people is a reflection of the change in social status.Only those with the right can afford it “and” consumption of extramarital sex can enhance an individual’s social status “.
Guided by this idea, many people think of extramarital sex as a way to show the social dimension of the individual.

In this sense, extramarital sex is a kind of symbolic competition, and people maintain or enhance social status and identity by comparing or showing off each other.

  Sexologist Pan Suiming’s survey of Chinese sexual relations shows that among the 5% of people with the highest monthly income, 45%.

1% have had extramarital sex, while only 5% of the lowest 40% have had extramarital sex.

To the extent possible, the rich are the poor6.

1 times.

This result basically accords with the theoretical element of “conspicuous consumption”.

At the same time, the survey may find an important trend: the simultaneous progress of our society and the expansion of the high-income population, and people, especially the rich, will be more tolerant of extramarital sex.

  Regarding extramarital sex, neither can you blindly oppose it, nor can you desperately admire Fei Xiaotong in the book “Fertility System”, since ancient times, society has not required marriage if it is only to satisfy the love and gender relations between men and women.And family, as long as it is possible to expect.

The reason why society needs marriage is to establish a family, and to protect it by law, to regulate it with ethics, it is used to undertake and fulfill a series of important social functions.

Extramarital affairs must be a great challenge to the marriage system.

  Without the suppression of human desires and behaviors by civilization levels, humans would not have developed to this day.

However, the degree of human civilization should not completely become the enemy of human nature. Human civilization “releases” humanity to a certain degree under the condition of ensuring the orderly operation of the society as a whole, and a new degree of interpretation of moral norms, that is, modernity”Liberation of human nature” in the sense.

  At present, it is generally in a period of social transformation. This “release” that is compatible with social development is reflected in the fact that it is not possible to adopt a simple and rude attitude towards extramarital sex.

As mentioned in the article, extramarital sex is made up of an interactive combination of internal factors of individuals, factors of social norms, and factors of social change.

Only when we truly understand the conditions, causes, and consequences of extramarital affairs and extramarital sex, can we truly regulate them.

  Many people regard extramarital sex as a way to show the social level of individuals. “Conspicuous consumption” was originally proposed by Veblen in The Theory of Leisure Class. He believes that in conspicuous consumption systems, goods have useValue and exchange value, and has symbolic value.
Its symbolic value is mainly reflected in the social symbolism of the commodity itself. This inevitably the commodity becomes a symbol of some social status, lifestyle, living taste and social identity.

In fact, the social symbolism of a commodity is that the socialized person acquires the specific social significance of the commodity, so that consumers who purchase and own the commodity can display certain social characteristics of themselves, such as status, status, wealth, dignity, etc.Get psychological satisfaction.
  Here, we analyze the extramarital sex as a consumption behavior.

As China moved from a planned economy to a market economy, a considerable number of high-income earners were generated in the process.
Judging from the current situation, in some areas, especially in the south, the fact that “the second wife” is not appointed at all is a violation of social norms, but being replaced by many people is a reflection of the change in social status.Only those with the right can afford it “and” consumption of extramarital sex can enhance an individual’s social status “.
Guided by this idea, many people think of extramarital sex as a way to show the social dimension of the individual.

In this sense, extramarital sex is a kind of symbolic competition, and people maintain or enhance social status and identity by comparing or showing off each other.
  Sexologist Pan Suiming’s survey of Chinese sexual relations shows that among the 5% of people with the highest monthly income, 45%.

1% have had extramarital sex, while only 5% of the lowest 40% have had extramarital sex.

To the extent possible, the rich are the poor6.

1 times.
This result basically accords with the theoretical element of “conspicuous consumption”.
At the same time, the survey may find an important trend: the simultaneous progress of our society and the expansion of the high-income population, and people, especially the rich, will be more tolerant of extramarital sex.

  Regarding extramarital sex, neither can you blindly oppose it, nor can you desperately admire Fei Xiaotong in the book “Fertility System”, since ancient times, society has not required marriage if it is only to satisfy the love and gender relations between men and women.And family, as long as it is possible to expect.

The reason why society needs marriage is to establish a family, and to protect it by law, to regulate it with ethics, it is used to undertake and fulfill a series of important social functions.

Extramarital affairs must be a great challenge to the marriage system.

  Without the suppression of human desires and behaviors by civilization levels, humans would not have developed to this day.

However, the degree of human civilization should not completely become the enemy of human nature. Human civilization “releases” humanity to a certain degree under the condition of ensuring the orderly operation of the society as a whole, and a new degree of interpretation of moral norms, that is, modernity”Liberation of human nature” in the sense.
  At present, it is generally in a period of social transformation. This “release” that is compatible with social development is reflected in the fact that it is not possible to adopt a simple and rude attitude towards extramarital sex.

As mentioned in the article, extramarital sex is made up of an interactive combination of internal factors of individuals, factors of social norms, and factors of social change.

Only when we truly understand the conditions, causes, and consequences of extramarital affairs and extramarital sex, can we truly regulate them.

Will you become a rich man?

Will you become a rich man?

You are looking forward to decorating your new house. In which part will you expand the most?

  A: bathtub in the shower room, toilet B: bed in the bedroom C: sofa in the living room, switch D: kitchen and grooming room Analysis of the results: A: you are the kind of person who is most likely to become a rich man, although you seem to clickNot like a rich man.

Your fortune is good, you can always find a way to make money!

  B: You have the taste of high society and are born with good fortune.

Even if you can’t become a rich man, it is also worry-free.

  C: You have to learn to grasp your innate wealth and luck.

But Coco has always been lazy, giving up the opportunity to make money.

  D: You look very much like a rich man, but unfortunately it is not so pitiful!

Your fortune is not good, but changing your work attitude may also make a difference.